The Future of the Automobile

(7 minutes of reading time) The car market is constantly evolving and, in recent years, it has been developing new technologies so that the car of the future can be increasingly efficient and intelligent

The Future of the Automobile

(7 minutes of reading time)


What child has never dreamed about the cars of the future? People flying technological cars that do everything by themselves.

We still have cars that run on the streets, but we already know that they will be electric, autonomous, interconnected and designed to interact with smart cities. This revolution in the mobility will generate a major change in the design of automobiles.

Nowadays, the main requirements of the automobile market are the following:

1) Sustainability - due to consumer ecological awareness
2) Safety – avoid accidents as much as possible
3) Economy – due to the high price of fuel
4) Comfort - the idea is that the car should offer a safe hub for entertainment while commuting

However, we know that the car market is constantly changing, so, here are the main trends for the future, short or long-term, who knows!


AUTONOMOUS CAR

Autonomous cars are those that offer some important autonomous driving functions and can drive without any human interference.

Depending on the level of autonomy, vehicles are configured without items such as steering wheel and pedals.

As the name suggests, it is a concept that aims to apply artificial, sensorial, and decisive intelligence to a vehicle's decisions. The goal of this technology is to completely replace human intervention in car driving.

The industry is going through a transition period towards this trend, as no automaker has reached the so-called full automation, where the vehicle safely replaces the driver in 100% of traffic scenarios. However, several automobile and technology companies, such as Tesla, Uber, Google etc., already dedicate enormous efforts and resources in research and improvements in the area.

In a future where vehicular automation reaches its fullest, automobiles will be revolutionized in the way they are used, so that people will be able to use vehicles as a living room, study or work while traveling with complete safety and comfort.

In addition, autonomous cars will reduce 4 very common problems on urban streets and roads: accidents, noise pollution, traffic jams and high emission of polluting gases.

Another important feature is that there will be sensors scattered throughout the vehicle, which will allow it to be guided without human assistance and only through computer intelligence. Among their functions, sensors are responsible for identifying pedestrians, other cars and any other obstacle that may appear on the road.

The real-time interaction between these sensors and the vehicle's central computer is what allows decision-making to be made practically immediately.

In short, the artificial intelligence used for the operation of autonomous cars can analyze tire pressure, eliminate so-called "blind spots", use a quick braking response in possible danger situations, stick to road speed limits, detect lane changes, change the vehicle's suspension whenever necessary and even perform the most diverse maneuvers without collisions.


ELECTRIC CAR

The electric car has been gaining market share for 2 major reasons:

1) Sustainability and socio-environmental responsibility - with the deepening of climate issues accelerating at the same speed as consumer awareness, it is increasingly important to make the transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources precisely because this results in zero emissions and greater savings

2) Economy – fuel costs are lower, as well as maintenance and eventual repairs

The electric car brings benefits, such as being less polluting, quieter and having more efficient energy consumption.


ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

It is impossible to talk about automation without talking about AI, because artificial intelligence is the main technology of an autonomous car, however, here the idea is connectivity between vehicles.

The idea is that the cars of the future will be connected to a shared network according to their positioning. With this, vehicles will be able to communicate with each other different parameters such as speed, distance and other information.

This constant communication, complemented by autonomous driving, could revolutionize traffic, drastically reducing the number of accidents, eliminating traffic jams, increasing traffic speed, and reducing travel times.


CONNECTIVITY

For the communication between vehicles become a reality, they will have to be connected to a stable and very fast internet. This is where technologies like 5G come in, providing high-quality signal to vehicles everywhere.

In addition, the internet in the vehicle can be used by passengers, who will be able to connect their electronic devices and work, study, play, etc. In a way, the automotive future is more about in-car entertainment than the driving experience.


SHARED ECONOMY

One of the most striking transformations of the new generation is taking place in consumer behavior since, for them, the value of the experience is more important than the property.

Taking this into account, companies have considered increasingly flexible solutions for the use of cars without requiring the purchase of the vehicle, for example, car rental or even urban mobility requested by application.


FLYING CARS

This one looks like science fiction, but we already know it's not!

There are many companies that are investing time and money in different models of flying cars: giants like Embraer and Boing or even startups like Joby Aviation and Klein Vision. All of them with the same desire, which is to improve urban air mobility.

In some ways, the flying car is closer to a drone than a conventional automobile, however, that doesn't change the fact that we are getting closer and closer to popularizing this technology that has always been revered by children's movies and cartoons.


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Reference:
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